10+ must follow Destructive Photography Composition Rules

 If post-processing or editing is the heart of photography, the composition is the brain of photography.

 Composition means placing not only main subject ,also placing background and foreground elements in different parts of the frame to tell a story. 

It's just like arranging chess coins to have checkmate.In one of my articles about the misconceptions of photography I had mentioned a myth that composition rules are must but that's not applicable each time.

In this article I will discuss 10+ must follow Photography composition rules which will help you to take better images.At the same time they destroy you as a rising star in Photography.I will discuss the  rules in the simplest way to change your understanding about composition.

Things to consider before composing an image:

First of all, you need to know about the rules little bit,not in details. Then you should open your eye of knowledge by Seeing other's works.I would not suggest you to copy them.


Then enable your grid lines and jump into the field of photography.No need to know technical things right now after clicking images after images and analyzing your own photos you will learn the art gradually.

● Rules of composition :


1. Simplicity is your identity


Photography-composition-rules_simple-composition
Very simple composition


Images are just the combination of pixels.It is lifeless until you put your artistic skills into it.You can convey stories through them. Visitors will be distracted if you complicate your composition.So try to compose the images as simple as possible.Every successful photographer has their own techniques.Try to develop your own style.It will not happen tomorrow.Capture more and more photos,learn from your mistakes by analyzing your own shorts and be the better version of yourself every day. Don't blame about yourself and your device.

When you accept yourself the way you are,the world recognise you -Muniba Mazari

2. Focal length


Focal Length indicates the distance between the lens and image sensor.The length changes according to the focus of yours object.By using different focal lengths you can get different perspective or compositions.If you want to shoot landscapes then go with the white angle lens (less than 35 mm),for portraits use lens with focal length of 50-85 mm and for wildlife go with zoom lens (more than 100mm).

Photography-composition-rules_focal-length
Interdependency of composition on focal length

In this image you can see by using different focal lengths I got different looking images. When you increases the focal length you get Shallow depth of field and if you use wider focal length you will get large depth of field.(when the aperture is fixed)

3. Rule of thirds :


This is the most common composition technique.You can create interesting images by applying this rule.When you enable gridlines you will see two vertical and two horizontal lines both dividing the frame into three parts so you will get 9 boxes and the lines are intersecting each other in Four Points. These points are called Golden points.Try to place your main subject in 1/3rd portion of the frame.It would be more interesting if you place your subject on one of those Golden point.

Photography-composition-rules_rule-of-thirds
Rule of thirds

In This photo, I have shown how I had applied the rule of thirds and Golden points rule to create a very simple but interesting image.

4. Leading Lines :


This is one of the strongest composition techniques.Our aim is to tell a story through photographs by attracting the viewers attention to the subject.By this technique you can easily do so.You can't realize the power of leading lines until you observe and apply them.You have to use natural lines like streets,rivers etc. to create leading lines.The only problem with this rule is you can't always get proper lines.So try to use your artistic eyeI to find natural lines.With regular practice you will master this technique.
Photography-composition-rules_leading-lines
Leading lines

     In this photo some workers were working on the railway track I I intentionally bend my camera little bit and added lines like tracks,platform and shed to make the image interesting.My intention was to give priority to the workers and I had done that successfully.

5. Symmetry rule:-


We have a misconception that we can only create symmetrical image by capturing reflections.It's not correct always.Some subjects,especially most of the architectures are symmetrical. Symmetry means simply dividing the subject into two equal parts.This composition works well with  centred composition.You can place symmetrical objects in the middle of the frame.This can create interesting images

Composition-rules_symetry_charminar
Symmetrical image of Charminar

In this photo, I have placed the Charminar in the middle of the frame and for your advantage, I have drawn a deviding line which is separating the symmetrical subject into two equal parts.

6. Centered composition:


After learning rule of third we tend to place our subject in 1/3rd portion of the frame.But we should not be a conformist when the times comes for creativity.We can also place our subject in the middle of the frame to make unforgettable image.This technique works well for symmetrical objects we can balance our subject by this rule just to understand better see the image

Photography-composition-rules_centred-composition
Centered composition of water lily

In this image I have placed a water lily in the center.There are other flowers as well in the background which is balancing the main subject


7. Frame in frame :


This is the most attractive composition technique in fact the most trending.You can use natural frames like trees,gates,polls etc. to create frame in frame images.It's hard to find them I know.So I have a bonus tip for you.Simply use your smartphone to create these types of images.Open your camera,point your camera at the subject then capture the screen with another phone.You can create multiple frames as well as by repeating the process if you you  do not know the technique,let me know in the comment box.

Photography-composition-rules_frame-in-frame
Frame in Frame

 In this photo I have used my smartphone camera and friend's phone.I had pointed my friend's phone at the subject then captured the subject and phone screen with my phone.

8. Foreground interest :



To create a nice depth of field you can use this.The image we take are two dimensional.We can't understand the death of the subject and the background.By adding interesting element in the foreground,we can take some extra ordinary photos
Photography-composition-rules_foreground-interest_nature-vs-technology
Foreground interest

In this photo I have placed a mobile phone in the foreground.This photo is showing the interference of Technology into nature.Mother nature is requesting to save  use her.Please ude technology in a limited manner and help in the conservation of nature and natural resources.

9. Positive and negative spaces :



The importance of spaces in a photograph is infinitive.We should provide spaces to make our visitors understand the subject better.Spaces are of two types,positive and negative space.The space in the direction where the subject is looking is called positive and negative space.It is also the fact that we can emit spaces sometimes to create excellent images in the next point I will discuss about that
Positive-and-negative-space_photography-composition
Positive and negative space



In these photos I have shown how to use the spaces. spaces make the composition simpler which is shooting To eyes

10. Fill the frame :


In the previous point I told about the uses of space there I mentioned space simplify the image.Here in this technique I will suggest you to do the experiment to create surprising images.Choose a lens which can focus the subject from a close distance then fill the entire frame with the subject.

Photography-composition-rules_fill-the-frame_rose-wallpaper
Fill the frame

In this image I have used a macro lens to get this close-up of the Rose. This is a perfect example of the rule 'frame in frame'.

11. Including Human Object :


Sometimes empty sceneries looks boring and monotonous simply by placing a human in the frame can change the mood. By adding a human we can show the eternal connection of human with nature and the expanse of mother nature.
Including-human-object_rules-of-composition_sunderbans
Human as an object



In this photo I have simply added a fisherman with his boat, Catching fish in big river beside the Mangrove Forest in Sunderbans

12. Using geometrical shapes :


Natural shapes specially circles can be used to create depth.
Photography-composition-rules_Geometrical-shapes
Adding geometrical
 shape
In this image I have used circular hole to create the image.is not it interesting??

13. Rule of odds :


Try to include odd number of objects to make simple yet interesting images.
Photography-composition-rules_rule-of-odds
Rule of Odds


14. Patterns and textures :

Photography-composition-rules_texture-and-patterns
Texture and patterns

Human psychology says our mind attracts to textures by adding taxes around the subject we can create master pieces

Other rules -

• Golden Ratio 
• Diagonals Golden
• Triangle

I would never suggest you to be trapped in the cycle of of conformism.Don't follow the rules blindly.Yes you have read it right.No need to follow them like a conformist because these rules will help you to be a good phototaker. You can't be a good photographer until you break the rules,they just kill your creativity and thought process. You can easily break the rules to make incredible,interesting, extraordinary,excellent,better and unforgettable images but before that you have to master the  have trules.You don't have  the right to break if you can create and without destruction, creation can't be done

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